Cover of The Collection for the Propagation and Clarification of Buddhism Vol. II
ISBN: 
978-1-886439-63-4
Publisher: 
BDK America
Pages: 
381
Publish Date: 
2017
Format: 
Hardcover
Author(s): 
Sengyou, as Compiler
Translator(s): 
Harumi Hirano Ziegler

Overview

This is Volume II which completes The Collection for the Propagation and Clarification of Buddhism, widely known as an invaluable source to examine the early development of Chinese Buddhism and how this foreign religion was accepted and adopted in Chinese society. A notable aspect of this work is that Buddhist tenets are explained using Confucian and Daoist terminology. While the Collection is a Buddhist work from chiefly the fourth and fifth centuries, it also serves well as a primary source for studies of contemporary Daoism.

Complete in two volumes. Volume I comprises fascicles 1-7 of the text; Volume II, fascicles 8-14.

From laypeople and monks, responses to anti-Buddhist sentiment in Fourth to Sixth Century China
Format: 
Hardcover
9.5 x 6.6 x 1.3
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About

As noted in the Translator's Introduction, Sengyou believed that "The Way is propagated by people, and the teaching is clarified by literature.”

Taishō 2102

Volume 52

The Collection for the Propagation and Clarification of Buddhism

This work is a compilation by the Vinaya master Shi Sengyou (445–518) of discourses, correspondence, reports to the emperor, family codes, written appeals by Buddhist laypeople and monks, and responses to Anti-Buddhist critiques, dating from the Eastern Jin dynasty (317–420) through the mid sixth century of the Liang Dynasty (502-557). These writings were intended to protect the Buddhist Dharma from criticisms by Confucians and Daoists and the political powers of the time, as well as in order to promulgate Buddhism. By collecting literary works from distinctive scholars of former ages that were intended to dispel wrong views toward Buddhism, Sengyou hoped to disperse doubts in his own time.

Source
Ch. Hongming ji (弘明集), compiled by Shi Sengyou. 14 fascicles.

Table of Contents

CONTENTS

A Message on the Publication of the English Tripiṭaka  NUMATA Yehan    
Foreword   MAYEDA Sengaku    vii
Publisher’s Foreword     A. Charles Muller    ix
Translator’s Introduction   Harumi Hirano Ziegler   xix


The Collection for the Propagation and Clarification of Buddhism, Volume II

Fascicle Eight

     The Discourse on Debating to Remove Hindrances (Bianhuo lun) and the Preface by Shi Xuanguang    3
     The Discourse on Extinguishing Delusions (Miehuo lun) by Liu Xie, Record Keeper at Dongguan County   13
     Response to the Discourse on the Triple Destruction, which Daoists Postulate
          is Zhang Rong’s Composition (in Nineteen Articles), by Shi Sengshun     27

Fascicle Nine

     The Record that the Emperor of the Great Liang Dynasty Sets Forth the Right Logic
           for the Spiritual Intelligence and the Attainment of Buddhahood, together with the
           Preface and Annotation Composed by Shen Ji of Wuxing       41
     Criticism of the Discourse on the Extinction of the Spirit (Shenmie lun) Preface by Xiao Chen    48
     The Discourse on the Extinction of the Spirit    49
     Criticism of Secretariat Fan’s Discourse on the Extinction of the Spirit by Cao Siwen     65
     Response to Office Manager Cao’s Criticism of the Discourse
           on the Extinction of the Spirit
[by Fan Zhen]    68
               Imperial Response 73
     The Second Criticism of Secretariat Fan’s Discourse on the Extinction
          of the Spirit
[by Cao Siwen]    74

Fascicle Ten

     The Emperor of the Great Liang Dynasty’s Imperial Response to His Subjects:
          [The Examination of] the Discourse on the Extinction of the Spirit
    79
     Letter Given by Dharma Teacher Fayun at Zhuangyan Temple to Lords, Kings,
          and the Noble Courtiers, and their Responses    80
               [Letter Given to Dharma Teacher Fayun (467–529)]    80
               The Answer of the King of Linchuan   80
               The Answer of the King of Jian’an   81
               The Answer of the King of Changsha    81
               The Answer of Shen Yue (441–513), Director of the Imperial
                    Secretariat    81
               The Answer of Fan Xiu (460–514), Grand Master for Splendid
                    Happiness and Current Commandant of the Right Guard
                    of the Crown Prince    82
               The Answer of Wang Ying, Governor of Danyang    82
               The Answer of Wang Zhi (460–513), Secretariat Director    83
               The Answer of Yuan Ang (461–540), Right Chief Administrator    83
               The Answer of Xiao Bing, Chamberlain of the Court for the
                    Palace Garrison    84
               The Answer of Xu Mian (466–535), Imperial Secretary of the
                     Ministry of Personnel    84
               The Answer of Lu Gao (459–532), Palace Cadet of the Crown Prince    85
               The Answer of Xiao Chen (476–512), Cavalier Attendant-in-Ordinary    86
               The Answer of Wang Bin and Wang Jian, Attendants-in-Ordinary    87
               The Answer of Lu Xu, Secretariat Drafter of the Heir Apparent    87
               The Answer of Xu Gun, Gentleman of the Palace Gate    88
               The Answer of Wang Jian (477–523), Palace Attendant    88
               The Answer of Liu Yun (465–517), Palace Attendant    89
               The Answer of Liu Cheng (d. 513), Attendant-in-Ordinary    90
               The Answer of Wang Mao, Supervisor of the Household of the
                    Heir Apparent    90
               The Answer of Yu Yong, Chamberlain for Ceremonials   91
               The Answer of Xiao Ang (483–535), Acting King of Yuzhang    92
               The Answer of Yu Tanlong, Superior Grand Master of the Palace    93
               The Answer of Xiao Mi, Frontrider of the Heir Apparent    93
               The Answer of Wang Sengru (465–522), Palace Aide to the
                    Censor-in-Chief    94
               The Answer of Wang Yi, Gentleman Attendant at the Palace Gate    94
               The Answer of Wang Tai, Gentleman Attendant of the Ministry
                    of Personnel    95
               The Answer of Cai Zun (467–523), Palace Attendant    96
               The Answer of Wang Zhongxin, Director of Jiankang    96
               The Answer of Shen Ji, Adjutant of Outer Troops of the King
                    of Jian’an    97
               The Answer of Sima Yun, Gentleman Attendant of the Ministry
                    of Sacrifices    98
               The Answer of Shen Gun, Adjutant of the Personnel Evaluation
                    Section of the King of Yuzhang    99
               The Answer of Wang Qi, Officer of the Personnel Evaluation
                    Section of the King of Jian’an    100
               The Answer of Wei Rui (440–520), Right Guard General    101
               The Answer of Xie Chuo, Chief Minister for Law Enforcement    101
               The Answer of Fan Xiaocai, Libationer of the Minister of Education    102
               The Answer of Wang Lin, Attendant-in-Ordinary   103
               The Answer of He Jiong, Gentleman of the Bureau of Provisions    103
               The Answer of Wang Yun (481–549), Recorder of the King of
                    Yuzhang    104
               The Answer of Sun Yi, Gentleman of the Granaries Section    105
               The Answer of Xiao Misu, Aide to [the Magistrate of] Danyang    106
               The Answer of Fu Jing (462–520), Secretariat Gentleman   108
               The Answer of He Yang, Erudite of the Five Classics    108
               The Answer of Liu Qia, Secretary of the Heir Apparent    109
               The Answer of Yan Zhizhi (457–508), Erudite of the Five Classics    110
               The Answer of Cao Siwen, Houseman of the Eastern Palace    111
               The Answer of Xie Ju, Vice Director of the Palace Library    111
               The Answer of Ma Yuanhe, Chamberlain for the National Treasury    112
               The Answer of Wang Jing, Court Gentleman for Evaluations    113
               The Answer of Lu Ren, Gentleman Cavalier Attendant, and
                    Lu Chui (470–526), Secretariat Drafter of the Heir Apparent    115
               The Answer of Wang Shengshu, Vice Commandant    116
               The Answer of Ming Shanbin (443–527), Erudite of the Five Classics    117
               The Answer of Yu Qianlou, Court Gentleman for Comprehensive Duty    119
               The Answer of Yin Jun (484–532), Household Provisioner of the
                    Heir Apparent    122
               The Answer of Zhang Mian (490–531), Assistant in the Palace
                    Library    122
               The Answer of Lu Lian, Erudite of the Five Classics    124
               The Answer of Zhang Fan, Mounted Escort of Yangzhou    125
               The Answer of Wang Zhenguo (d. 515), Commandant of the Left
                    of the Heir Apparent    126
               The Answer of Cao Jingzong (457–508), General of the Palace
                    Guard    126
               The Answer of Yan Shan, Chamberlain for Attendants    127
               The Answer of Shen Hong, Erudite of the Five Classics    128
               The Answer of Sima Jiong (d. 518), Arbiter of Jiankang    129
               The Answer of Qiu Zhongfu, Assistant Director of the Left    130

Fascicle Eleven

     Director He Shangzhi’s Case to Glorify Buddhism, Responding to
          Emperor Wen of the Song Dynasty    131
     The Responses of Two Dharma Masters, [Dao]gao and [Fa]ming, to
          Li Miao of Jiaozhou, Who Criticized the Matter that the Buddha
          Does Not Manifest Himself, and Li [Miao]’s Letters    137
          [Li Miao’s Criticism] 137
          [Daogao’s Response]     138
          [Li Miao’s Response]     139
         [Daogao’s Second Response]    141
         [Li Miao’s Second Response]    143
         [Faming’s Response to Li Miao]    144
     The Letter of King Wenxuan Given to Kong Zhigui, Palace Aide to
          the Censor-in-Chief, in Order to Dispel Doubts, together with the
          Answer    149
     Kong Zhigui’s Letters, together with [Prince Xiao’s] Answer    154
          [Kong Zhigui’s (447–501) Letter]    154
          [Kong Zhigui’s Second Letter]    156
          [Kong Zhigui’s Third Letter]    158
          [Prince Xiao’s Answer]    158
     The Letters of Two Dharma Teachers, Daoheng and Daobiao,
          Responding to Yao [Xing Zi]lüe, the Usurper Ruler of the Later Qin
          Dynasty, Who Exhorts Them to Give up the [Buddhist] Way, together
          with the Letters of the Ruler Yao    158
               The Ruler Yao’s Letter Given to Two Eminent Monks,
                    [Dao]heng and [Dao]biao    158
               [The Letter of Daoheng and Daobiao Responding to Yao]    159
               [The Ruler Yao’s Response]    160
               [The Second Letter of Daoheng and Daobiao]    161
               [The Ruler Yao’s Second Response]    161
               [The Third Letter of Daoheng and Daobiao]    161
     Report to the Throne by the Three Dharma Teachers Senglüe,
          Sengqian, and Kumārajīva, in Response to the Letters of the Ruler
          Yao, Who Tried to Suspend [the Monkhood of Dao]heng and
          [Dao]biao, together with the Ruler Yao’s Letters    162
               The Ruler Yao’s Letter Given to Kumārajīva    162
               The Ruler Yao’s Letter Given to Sengqian and Others    163
    Report to the Throne by Senglüe, Sengqian, Kumārajīva, and Others
         Requesting [the Ruler Yao] to Cease Removing [Dao]heng and
          [Dao]biao from the [Buddhist] Way    164
     The Letter of Dharma Teacher Huiyuan of Mount Lu in Response
          to Huan Xuan, Who Urges that [Huiyuan] be Removed from the
          [Buddhist Way], together with Huan Xuan’s Letter    166
               Huan Xuan’s (369–404) Letter    166
               Dharma Teacher [Hui]yuan’s Response    167
     The Letters of Dharma Teacher Sengyan to Decline the Provincial
          Governor of Qingzhou Liu Shanming’s Recommendation for the
          Official Appointment of the Cultivated Talent (Xiucai), together
          with Liu Shanming’s Responses    168
               The Letter of Dharma Teacher Sengyan    168
               [Liu Shanming’s] Response to Buddhist Monk Sengyan    169
               Sengyan’s Second Letter in Response [to Liu Shanming]    170
               [Liu Shanming’s] Second Response    171
               Sengyan’s Third Letter    172
               [Liu Shanming’s] Third Response    173

Fascicle Twelve

     Letter Given to Shi Daoan by Xi Zaochi    176
     The Letter of the King of [Nan]qiao to Discuss Confucius and
          Śākyamuni    178
     Zhang Xin’an’s Response    179
     Letter Given to Meditation Master [Huiyi] to Discuss the Manner
          of Eating While Squatting with Raised Heels by Zheng Daozi    180
     Letter Given to Minister of Education and Cultural Affairs Wang
          [Hong] and All Others in Order to Discuss Buddhist Monks’ Manner
          of Eating While Squatting with Raised Heels by Fan Bolun 182
     Shi Huiyi’s Letter in Response to Fan Bolun 184
     [Fan Bolun’s] Response to Eminent [Hui]yi 186
     Fan Bolun’s Letter Given to the Two Dharma Teachers [Zhu
          Dao]sheng and [Hui]guan 187
     Petitions Presented to the Throne to Discuss the Manner of Eating
          While Squatting with Raised Heels by Fan Bolun 188
               [First Petition] 188
          [Second Petition] 190
     [Imperial Decree in Response to Fan Bolun] 191
          [Third Petition] 191
     Report to the Throne Regarding the Issue that Śramaṇas Should Not
          Bow [to the King] by Director of the Imperial Secretariat He Chong 193
               [Preface] 193
               [Report to the Throne] 193
     The Imperial Decree on Behalf of Emperor Cheng of the Jin Dynasty
          Composed by Yu Bing, Who Admonishes the Purport [of the Report]
          Again and Thinks that Śramaṇas Should Bow to the King 194
     Second Report to the Throne by Director of the Imperial Secretariat
          He Chong and Officials such as Chu She, Zhuge Hui, Feng Huai,
          and Xie Guang 195
     Emperor Cheng’s Second Imperial Decree 197
     Third Report to the Throne Regarding the Issue that [Śramaṇas]
          Should Not Bow [to the King] by Officials such as Director of the
          Imperial Secretariat He Chong and [Left] Supervisor Chu She 198
          [Epilogue] 199
     Letter Given to the Eight Executives to Discuss Buddhist Monks’
     Bowing [to the King] by Huan Xuan 199
     The Eight Executives’ Response 200
     Letter Given to Secretariat Director Wang [Mi] to Discuss the Issue
          that Buddhist Monks Should Bow to the King by Huan Xuan 201
     Letter in Response to Huan [Xuan] by Secretariat Director Wang [Mi] 202
     Criticism [to Wang Mi] by Huan [Xuan] 203
     Second Response by Lord [Wang Mi] 205
     Second Criticism by Huan [Xuan] 209
     Third Response by Lord [Wang Mi] 211
     Fourth Letter by Huan [Xuan] 214
     Additional Criticism by [Huan Xuan] 215
     Fourth Response by Lord [Wang Mi] 216
     Letter in Response to Huan Xuan Regarding the Issue that
          Śramaṇas Should Not Bow to the King by Dharma Teacher Huiyuan
          of Mount Lu, together with Huan Xuan’s Two Letters 217
          Letter Given to Dharma Teacher [Hui]yuan by Huan Xuan 217
     Response [to Huan Xuan] by Dharma Teacher [Hui]yuan 218
     Response [to Huiyuan] by Defender-in-Chief Huan [Xuan], together
          with the Decree to Stop Śramaṇas from Bowing [to the King] 222
     Imperial Decree to Allow Buddhist Monks Not to Bow [to the King]
          by Huan [Xuan, Former King of] Chu 223
     [Response to Huan Xuan’s Decree by Bian Sizhi and Yuan Kezhi] 223
     [Decree by Huan Xuan] 224
     [Response to Huan Xuan’s Decree by Ma Fan and Bian Sizhi] 224
     [Decree by Huan Xuan] 225
     [Response to Huan Xuan’s Decree by Bian Sizhi] 225
     [Decree by Huan Xuan] 226
     [Response to Huan Xuan’s Decree by Bian Sizhi] 226
     Letter Given to Huan Xuan to Discuss the Evaluation of Śramaṇas
          by Huiyuan of Mount Lu, together with Huan Xuan’s Decree 227
     Decree Given to the Staff to Intend to Select Buddhist Monks
          by Regent Huan Xuan 227
     Letter Given to Defender-in-Chief Huan [Xuan] to Discuss the
          Evaluation of Śramaṇas by Dharma Teacher [Hui]yuan 228
     Letter Given to Huan Xuan to Discuss that the Provincial Office
     Requests to Register Śramaṇas by Dharma Teacher Zhi Daolin 230
     Report to Emperor Wu of the Qi Dynasty to Discuss the Issue of the
          Inspection and Examination of Buddhist Monks by Shi Daosheng
          of Tianbao Temple 232

Fascicle Thirteen

     Essentials for Believing in the Dharma by Palace Secretary Chi [Chao] 235
     The Family Code: Clarification of Two Issues by Chamberlain for
          the Attendants Yan Yanzhi 253
               [Issue One] 254
               [Issue Two] 254
     Sunshine by Wang Gai 255

Fascicle Fourteen

     Written Appeal to Mount Tai by Zhu Daoshuang 267
     Written Appeal to the Demon by Shi Zhijing 273
     Written Appeal to Destroy Demons Composed by Shi Baolin 281
     Afterword to the Discourse for the Propagation and Clarification of
          Buddhism by Shi Sengyou 289


Notes    299
Glossary    329
Bibliography    339
Index    341
A List of the Volumes of the BDK English Tripiṭaka (First Series)    371

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