The Vairocanābhisaṃbodhi Sutra is one of the basic sūtras of Esoteric Buddhism. It is generally known as the Mahāvairocana-sūtra and is considered to have been composed in western India around the middle of the seventh century C.E. It consists of 36 chapters, dealing with both the doctrinal aspects of Esoteric Buddhism and its practical side, describing as it does the procedure for various rituals. The Mahākaruṇāgarbhodbhava-maṇḍala (Maṇḍala Born from the Womb of Great Compassion) is based on this sūtra, and is so called because it represents pictorially the essence of a buddha, the spirit of which is compared to the compassion enveloping an embryo in a mother’s womb.
Skt. Mahāvairocanābhisambodhi-vikurvitādhiṣṭhāna-vaipulyasūtrendra- rājanāma-dharmaparyāya. Translated into the Chinese by Śubhakarasiṃha and I-hsing as Da Biluzhena chengfo shenbian jiachi jing (大毘盧遮那成佛神變加持經). 7 fascicles.