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Three Short Treatises by Vasubandhu, Sengzhao, and Zongmi


Three Short Treatises presents three texts:

  • A Mahayana Demonstration on the Theme of Action
  • Essays of Sengzhao
  • Treatise on the Origin of Humanity
SKU: BDKT054C Category: Product ID: 727
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Three classics, each fascinating in its own right.


Taishō 1609

Volume Volume 31

A Mahayana Demonstration on the Theme of Action

Despite its brevity, A Mahayana Demonstration on the Theme of Action (Karmasiddhi-prakaraṇa), attributed to Vasubandhu and translated into Chinese by the scholar-monk Xuanzang, is a densely packed philosophical argumentation on the correct interpretation of scriptural references about the three kinds of actions of body, speech, and mind. The text reflects Yogācāra philosophy, including discussion of the storehouse consciousness (ālayavijñāna).


Skt. Karmasiddhiprakaraṇa, translated by Xuanzang into the Chinese as Dasheng chengye lun (大乘成業論). 1 fascicle.

Translator(s): John P. Keenan

Taishō 1858

Volume Volume 45

Essays of Sengzhao

Sengzhao’s Essays (Zhao lun) comprise an introductory chapter, four essays, and an exchange of letters. The work can be seen as an extended meditation on sagehood, a perennial theme in Chinese religio-philosophical thought. These writings offer an original response to a set of concerns unique to Sengzhao, his community, and his times, and are an important voice in the religious speculation of early medieval China. Includes Zongmi’s annotations.


Ch. Zhao lun (肇論).1 fascicle.

Translator(s): Rafal Felbur

Taishō 1886

Volume Volume 45

Treatise on the Origin of Humanity

The Treatise on the Origin of Humanity (Yuanren lun) by the Huayan patriarch Zongmi classifies various teachings of Buddhism on a scale of relative profundity, and specifically critiques the weaknesses of the teachings of Confucianism and Daoism, which he regards as inferior to Buddhism. This work formed the basis for some of the arguments in later East Asian history on the relationship of the three teachings.


Ch. Yuanren lun (原人論). 1 fascicle.

Translator(s): Jan Yün-hua

Additional information

Dimensions9.5 × 6.6 × 0.8 in
Publishing Date2017
AuthorVasubandhu, Sengzhao, and Zongmi
TranslatorJohn P. Keenan, Rafal Felbur, and Jan Yün-hua